Opinion: The true story of meth in Montana

Montana is 1,200 miles from our southern border, yet the effects of the border crisis ripple across our state. In late March, many of our U.S. senators visited the southern border. Unfortunately, serious dialogue about meth entering our country became the brunt of political banter on social media and national headlines. It saddens us that many misinterpreted and misrepresented factual comments were made and distracted from the much larger issue. We cannot let that be the end of the story in the fight against meth.

Meth is one of the most addictive, most available and, in some areas, least expensive drug in our country. Meth doesn’t discriminate against your political party, color, religious beliefs, age, sexual orientation or identified gender. One hit leaves a trail of human suffering — addiction, crime, death — where people, families and communities are changed forever.

Graham Macker is someone I knew personally. He spent his short lifetime battling meth addiction. I met Graham in my role with the Montana Meth Project, our state’s only organization solely dedicated to meth prevention. HBO was filming “Montana Meth,” a documentary produced by our founder, Tom Siebel, that featured Graham’s story of addiction — a straight-A student who had abandoned the classroom in pursuit of the euphoric rush of meth. We watched as Graham’s relationship with meth took center stage in his life at the cost to his family, school, sports and social life. At this same time, the physical changes in Graham could not be overlooked. He lost a significant amount of weight and muscle mass, and sores speckled his face. He had little contact with his family unless he needed to be bailed out or retrieved from the E.R. At a sobering moment in the film, his mother, Wendy Macker, asks in tears, “How does it end?”

A few years later Graham was the subject of a CBS Evening News’ story. Hair blowing in the wind under our striking Montana sky, Graham played with his dog. He told national correspondent, Ben Tracy, that he was clean after a four-year battle with meth addiction.

Three years later, Wendy had the answer to her question. Graham was found dead in the Missouri River. He had walked away from the pre-release center he was sent to after violating probation on charges of forgery and writing bad checks, during a relapse back into the dark world of meth. Fleeing Homeland Security helicopters and dogs, he escaped into the icy waters — his body was discovered months later in a February ice jam.

Graham’s family carries the anguish of his loss every day. We all do.

This is the story of meth in Montana, and there are countless more: the young rancher who can’t kick his addiction and commits suicide during COVID, the grandmother who beats her grandbabies as she hallucinates, the girl forced into sex trafficking under meth-induced control, the toddler abandoned and entered into foster care after his mom leaves to find her dealer and is arrested.

As you read headlines about meth smuggled in across the border, meth seizures and crimes committed by addicts, remember the stories of human life destroyed and support your leaders to act.

We support all those who are in the fight against meth. It will take all of us in the private and public sectors to remove the drug from our states and the clutches of users. We must stop the drug cartels. We must stay vigilant in educating all populations about the devastating risks of drug use. We must be united. Banter aside, sleeves rolled up and heads together.

Meth. Not even once.

Justice-Requested Meth User Report Removed From Website

KALISPELL, Mont. (AP) — A needs assessment that was completed late last year by the Montana Department of Justice, but has yet to be made public, provides insight into the state’s battle with methamphetamine from the perspectives of 99 former users.

The primary goal of the project, formally titled “Methamphetamine Use in Montana,” was to learn more about “precursors to initiation and course of methamphetamine disorders among users,” the report states. A secondary focus was to better understand users’ experiences with the justice and child welfare systems, successful and unsuccessful treatment and pathways to recovery.

The assessment comes roughly two years after the justice department noted the number of annual methamphetamine-related deaths in Montana more than doubled between 2009 to 2014 and 2015 to 2018 — a trend experts say isn’t going away.

According to the final report, 39 women and 60 men with a “diverse range of experiences and identities” participated in the voluntary project. Interviews were conducted from May to September of 2020 and included a series of open-ended questions related to their personal experiences, opinions and beliefs surrounding meth use, interactions with various systems and the social circumstances associated with their substance use.

The identities of the participants — most of whom were in their initial stages of recovery when they were interviewed — were kept confidential. In addition, the 61-page report states participants may have “accidentally or purposefully over or under reported their experiences or may misremember certain experiences due to the amount of time that has passed since the event.”

Findings in the report, which was commissioned by former Attorney General Tim Fox, align with what various experts and other reports have said about the state’s meth crisis for years now.

As just one example, most participants said they first tried meth as adolescents, with approximately half initiating their use between the ages of 10 and 16 and less than a quarter of participants having tried it for the first time after the age of 25. Many said their meth use began only after a period of regularly using other substances, including opioids, cocaine, marijuana or alcohol.

Several participants shared that meth was “normal” in their family or within their community and that their initiation into meth use was a by-product of being around the drug and it being normalized in the environment.

“Well, I mean it’s been around most of my life, so I guess there was pressure all the time. You know what I mean? I just didn’t give into it,” said one interviewee who added that they eventually tried meth around the age of 13.

“These participants reported using methamphetamine in response to a recent traumatic event, such as the loss of a parent or child, or in response to childhood trauma, including sexual assault or physical abuse,” the report states, adding that many participants noted their drug addictions often came hand-in-hand with mental health issues.

Other key findings include the following: roughly 75% of participants eventually turned to selling the meth to pay for their habits, their addictions prompted them to commit other crimes such as stealing, nearly all participants experienced violence during their times using and selling, about 50% of participants said they went through treatment at least three times, a large number of interviewees felt strongly that 30 to 60-day treatment programs are not long enough and many participants said drug treatment court was a positive experience and a catalyst for recovery.

A large portion of the report delves into how meth in Montana has had negative effects on the state’s child and welfare and justice systems. It states that meth was listed as the primary drug in 65% of child removals in 2019, and that the number of methamphetamine-related crimes increased statewide by 100% from 2014 to 2108, while all other drug crimes increased only 9%.

Locally, Flathead County Sheriff Brian Heino said while it would be difficult to distinguish how many crimes have occurred as a result of someone being high on meth, he did say the department has experienced an uptick in drug-related activity.

The Flathead County Sheriff’s Office, according to data provided by Heino, made around 80 narcotic-related arrests in 2020 alone. The department also worked on nearly 400 drug-related cases that year, with approximately 50% of those involving methamphetamine.

Also in 2020, the department and partners seized and/or collected through various means approximately $1.6 million worth of drugs throughout the valley. That includes more than 27,000 grams (60 pounds) of meth, which the department estimates has a street value of more than $500,000. And in 2021 alone, the department has already removed nearly 1,000 grams (2.2 pounds) of methamphetamine, valued at more than $33,000.

Heino also said the cost of meth has been rising due to various factors, including periodic decreases in production. That price increase leads some users to try slightly cheaper substances such as heroin or cocaine — a ripple effect that has contributed to drug task forces in the area needing more resources.

The sheriff’s department is part of the Northwest Montana Drug Task Force, which consists of partners in Lake and Lincoln counties, as well as law enforcement in Whitefish and Kalispell.

According to Heino, the group received more than $140,000 in federal grants for calendar year 2021 and another $160,000 from the Montana Board of Crime Control for fiscal year 2021. Heino elaborated on the importance of such funding in a May 2020 letter in which he had requested another round of grant funding from the crime control board.

“The funds provided by the Montana Board of Crime Control are essential to the staffing of our task force. These grant funds specifically pay a portion of wages for seven officers from four different agencies,” Heino wrote. “This funding is instrumental in drug investigations for Northwest Montana. Reductions of drug operations and the loss of funding would reduce or eliminate many operations in northwest Montana, causing possible increases in violent crime and drug-involved incidents.”

While the report underscores the important role law enforcement personnel play in addressing Montana’s meth crisis, it also illustrates how that onus does not fall to one stakeholder and will require extensive cooperation among mental health providers, treatment program leaders, elected officials and others.

The authors of the report wrote in their summary that they hope the document can inform policy action and serve as a catalyst for future research on methamphetamine use disorders, treatment and recovery in the state. But whether the assessment will be made public so that stakeholders can consider the information, is unclear.

The assessment was completed in December, one month before Attorney General Austin Knudsen took over for Tim Fox, who commissioned the report. The previous administration had posted the report on the Department of Justice’s website and had issued a press release on the matter, but according to a former justice department employee, Knudsen’s administration has since taken it down.

Prior to Knudsen taking over, the justice department sent the report to several news outlets, including the Daily Inter Lake. It was also shared with the Montana Department of Public Health and Human Services, the Montana U.S. Attorney’s office, Gov. Greg Gianforte’s transition staff, and to multiple other interested parties.

Kyler Nerison, a spokesperson for the Office of Attorney General, did not answer questions from the Daily Inter Lake on whether Knudsen has seen the report or if he plans on making it public. He also did not say whether Knudsen, who during his campaign for attorney general talked at length about funding programs that help law enforcement tackle drugs and violent crime, necessarily agrees with its contents.

During one phone call, Nerison said “some things get lost during transitions between administrations.” But he recently offered a separate statement via email.

“The meth epidemic is the biggest public safety issue facing Montana today. Attorney General Knudsen is focused on cutting off the supply of meth and heroin that Mexican drug cartels are trafficking into our state and working to move more resources that have been stuck in Helena out into the hands of local law enforcement,” Nerison wrote. “Addressing behavioral health issues will be needed to reduce the demand for illegal drugs, but providing those services is not the role of the Department of Justice. I question the value taxpayers received from the previous administration spending $50,000 to interview 99 meth users.”

Copyright 2021 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

Montana Meth Project releases new prevention video for educators teaching during a pandemic

The Montana Meth Project has released a new educational video in an effort to help teachers explain the facts around meth and the dangers of addiction in the face of a pandemic that’s putting extra stress on teen students who are vulnerable to drug use.

The 20-minute Montana Meth Prevention Lesson Video shows the harmful effects of meth use and addiction through animations, graphics, imagery and interviews with experts and teens in recovery. Hosted by Missoula science teacher Mike Crockett, the video is designed to be a free, one-click tool for teachers, homeschool parents and other educators both in the classroom and in remote settings.

“As technology has changed, as how we consume information has changed, we have really adapted to communicate with teens where they are, both at home and in schools when possible,” said Amy Rue, executive director of the Montana Meth Project.

The video condenses down information the Montana Meth Project has been teaching for the last 15 years through billboards, commercials, outreach and more and is a revamp of educational tools they’ve provided in the past.

“School right now is really interesting and challenging,” said Crockett, who teaches science at St. Joseph School in Missoula. “Whether you’re a parent homeschooling or you’re a teacher who’s trying to reach remote students, (the video lesson) is something that can very easily be accessed.”

There are also interviews with real-life teens recovering from meth use, which Crockett said can often have the biggest impact on students.

“Anytime there’s real-life stories about people who are in recovery that look like the teens who we’re teaching, I think that’s more real to them than me, for example, saying, ‘You shouldn’t do this,’” Crockett said.

While some of the images and stories in the video are disturbing, Crockett said it’s the reality of what meth use and addiction looks like.

The Montana Meth Project, which has expanded to several other states, was started 15 years ago in an effort to reduce teen meth use. According to its website, since the project’s launch in 2005, teen meth use in Montana has declined by 73% and meth-related crime has decreased by 62%.

But despite those successes, because the pandemic has interrupted students’ routines and activities, teens are at an increased risk of drug use right now, Rue said.

“I think young people are even more at risk of isolation, at risk of depression, and as we enter another year of the pandemic, our efforts are just so vital to reach Montanans who are struggling and are most at risk for drug use,” she said.

Montana is seeing a perfect meth storm right now, she added, with the highest availability, the highest purity and, in some areas of the state, the lowest cost in 15 years. So even with the reductions in teen meth use over the past decade, the drug is still readily available and easily accessible to teenagers in Montana.

“The content that Montana Meth Project has produced has had a pretty profound impact on reducing use and it’s proven to work, so it can lull you into a sense that it’s no longer a problem in our state,” Crockett said. “But unfortunately kids can still get their hands on it relatively easily.”

Along with the video, Montana Meth Project is offering supplemental assignments to reinforce and dive deeper into the facts around meth. Teachers, parents and educators looking to use the prevention lesson video as a tool can sign up to access the content for free at montanameth.org.

Rue said she’s already seen teachers, parents and educators from 35 different states sign up to use the curriculum.

“We knew that our audience would be spending more time online and at home more than ever before,” she said. “We want to make sure we’re still engaging that audience.”

DEA releases 2019 National Drug Threat Assessment

Annual report outlines strategic review of threats posed by drugs and drug traffickers

WASHINGTON – DEA Acting Administrator Uttam Dhillon today announced the publication of the 2019 National Drug Threat Assessment, which outlines the threats posed to the United States by domestic and international drug trafficking and the abuse of illicit drugs.

“This year’s report illustrates a shifting drug landscape in the United States,” said Acting Administrator Dhillon. “We’re pleased that in 2018, drug overdose deaths declined over four percent overall, with even greater decreases – over 13 percent – in overdoses from controlled prescription opioids. Many challenges remain, however, including the spread of fentanyl and methamphetamine across the country. DEA and its partners will continue to work diligently to combat the drug trafficking organizations that bring these deadly substances into our country and endanger the American people.”

Illicit drugs, and the criminal organizations that traffic them, continue to represent significant threats to public health, law enforcement, and national security in the United States. As the National Drug Threat Assessment describes, the opioid threat continues at epidemic levels, affecting large portions of the United States. Meanwhile, the stimulant threat, including methamphetamine and cocaine, is worsening and becoming more widespread as traffickers continue to sell increasing amounts outside of each drugs’ traditional markets.

2019 NDTA findings of note:

  • The opioid threat (controlled prescription drugs, synthetic opioids, and heroin) continues at ever-increasing epidemic levels, affecting large portions of the United States.
  • The stimulant threat (methamphetamine and cocaine) is worsening and becoming more widespread as traffickers continue to sell increasing amounts outside of each drugs’ traditional markets.
  • New psychoactive substances remain challenging and the domestic marijuana situation is evolving as state-level medical and recreational legalization continues.
  • In 2017, drug poisoning deaths were the leading cause of injury death in the United States and reached their highest recorded level. Every year since 2011, drug poisoning deaths have outnumbered deaths by firearms, motor vehicle crashes, suicide, and homicide. Approximately 192 people died every day from drug poisoning in 2017.

The National Drug Threat Assessment provides a yearly assessment of the many drug abuse and drug trafficking challenges local communities face. Highlights in the report include usage and trafficking trends for drugs such as prescription drugs, heroin, methamphetamine, cocaine, marijuana and the hundreds of synthetic drugs. New to this year’s assessment is an expanded section on gangs – including street gangs, prison gangs, and outlaw motorcycle gangs – which now details gang activity geographically by DEA field division.

The assessment factors in data from many sources, including drug seizures, drug purity, laboratory analyses, information on the involvement of organized criminal groups, and survey data provided to DEA by state and local law enforcement agencies across the country.

Read About Montana Meth Project

Montana Meth Project: Has It Curbed Teen Meth Use?

The Montana Meth Project is a unique and large-scale undertaking that aims to prevent teens from using meth for the first time. The Montana Meth Project seeks to achieve this through a combination of public service announcements and messages, public policy, and outreach in the community.

One of the key resources people can turn to is also the MethProject.org, which provides a great deal of research and information that could be relevant to teens and their parents.

The Costs of Meth
The mission of the Montana Meth Project, which was started by Thomas M. Siebel, is to create an effective prevention model for drug abuse that can be replicated nationwide. Sibel had a history in the business world, so he wanted to approach the prevention of meth use in a private-sector way.

As the name indicates, the Montana Meth Project was started in the state of Montana, which is among the top states in the U.S. in terms of per capita treatment admissions for methamphetamine. Some of the social costs cited by the Montana Meth Project include the fact that 53 percent of children in the state in foster care are there because of meth, and 20 percent of adults in treatment are there because of the drug. The project also highlights the fact that half of the adults in prison are there because of a crime related to meth.

The project has been cited by the White House because of its effectiveness and also because it stands to be a model for the rest of the country.

How Effective is the Montana Meth Project?
So, has it curbed teen meth use?

According to the group behind the Meth Project, they have been credited with helping produce significant declines in the use of the drug, and they were named by Barron’s as the third most effective philanthropy in the world.

According to research, since the introduction of the Project, teen meth use has gone down 63 percent in Montana and 56 percent in Idaho. It’s also gone down 65 percent in Arizona, which are states where the Project has a presence.

According to the Meth Project and data from resources like the Office of National Drug Control Policy, Montana now ranks number 39 in the country for meth abuse, and along with teen meth use declining by 63 percent, the project says adult meth use has declined by an even more impressive 72 percent, and crimes related to meth have gone down by 62 percent.

There are also affiliates now located in six states which include Colorado, Georgia, and Wyoming as well as the states named above.

While the project started out with private funding, after it experienced what was viewed as some success, legislators in Montana decided to contribute public funding as well. However, that did create some controversy, because opponents of the Montana Meth Project feel that media campaigns aren’t necessarily effective, and the results of studies showing the success of the work of the Meth Project weren’t well-proven.

Messaging
The Montana Meth Project uses an approach that they describe as “research-based messaging campaigns.” To do this, they conduct surveys and focus groups that show them what people think and feel about meth, and they then drive their messaging forward with that research.

The project has been in place since 2005, and the overall objective is to provide education to teens on an early and often basis.

MethProject.org was put in place to provide a multimedia experience that answers the questions teens most often have about meth and its effects. MethProject.org then builds on what’s available on the website through TV, radio and print ads, as well as digital and social campaigns.

Attorney General William Barr to Visit Kalispell

Attorney General William Barr will be in Kalispell on Friday to meet with law enforcement about the state’s ongoing methamphetamine crisis.

U.S. Sen. Steve Daines, who will also be in attendance, invited Barr to Kalispell. The round table will feature officials from the Flathead County Sheriff’s Office, Kalispell Police Department, Lake County Sheriff’s Office and the U.S. Marshals Service at the Flathead County Sheriff’s Posse Center at 2 p.m.

“It is my honor to bring Attorney General Barr to Kalispell this Friday to join me and members of our local law enforcement community as we address ways of combatting the devastating meth crisis in Montana,” Daines said. “I look forward to working together to protect Montana’s families and communities and look forward to our meeting on Friday.”

While Montana made an effort to curb meth use in the state back in the early 2000s — most notably through the Montana Meth Project campaign — the drug has made a comeback in recent years.

Aftershock: where next for charity advertising?

Whether raising donations or raising awareness, charity campaigning has a long history.

Take the “associational charities” of the 18th century – which saw the great and good such as painter Hogarth and composer Handel launching subscription concerts and events to fund the Foundling Hospital in Bloomsbury, rebranding its inhabitants as innocents rather than wantons, deserving of your charity, not your opprobrium.

There are three key audience responses embedded in charity advertising’s DNA – shock, empathy and fear.

Scroll forward two centuries to the first Save the Children campaign, launched just after World War One when its co-founder, Eglantyne Jebb, was arrested for distributing leaflets containing shocking images of famine-ravaged children under the headline: ‘Our Blockade has caused this – millions of children are starving to death’. She was found guilty, but the prosecuting council offered to pay her £5 fine – an early, tangible example of shock tactics bending the heart strings even in the offices of the law.

There are three key audience responses embedded in charity advertising’s DNA – shock, empathy and fear, all wrapped up in the realisation that ‘it could be you’. Cast an eye across the charity campaigns and public service announcements of yesteryear and you’ll find revealing capsule reflections of that period’s societal concerns, attitudes, and crises, whether its foreign wars, natural disasters, or public health and safety warnings.

In a digital environment awash with arresting, disturbing images, shock is not what it was.

Take those notorious PSAs for the “haunted generation” of 1970s children, sugary snack guzzlers soaking up the horrors of Lonely Water and its ilk; the stark hopelessness embedded in those Protect and Survive post-nuclear attack guides to survival, or the DHSS’s shocking, bombastic “don’t die of ignorance” AIDS campaign of the mid-1980s.

The hard-hitting shock approach continued into the 2000s with the likes of Tony Kaye’s poster and PSA campaign for The Montana Meth Project, gritty, punchy and straight to the point. Kaye was one of a number of big names to lend their talents to the project – Darren Aronofsky and Alejandro González Iñárritu among them. Rey Mundo, then creative director at, recalls their impact on the local community. “In Montana, a bunch of people were upset at the graphic nature of the work, and they wanted the council to take it all down, but a bunch of high school kids showed up to speak against that. It was a powerful moment for us.”

Since then, of course, the media landscape has proliferated and multiplied to the point where our screen environment often looms larger than the one in which we live and breath. Fewer kids need to be warned from lonely waters these days – they’ve got better things to do indoors, in front of a screen. Which makes cutting through with real-world problems that much trickier. They’re so easy to skip or turn off.

In a digital environment awash with arresting, disturbing images, shock is not what it was. Which means creatives are having to forego the time-honoured tactics of yore for a more stealthy, enveloping approach, one that works on the platforms of both heart and mind. We wanted to make sure we were as good as the shows such as 24 Hours in A&E… After all, this is what the public was watching every evening in their millions.

Take the St John Ambulance TV campaign, headed by BBH’s chief creative officer, Ian Heartfield, which kicked off on a Sunday night during Downton back in 2012 with an arresting, uncomfortable debut that highlighted how a little First Aid knowledge could save the life of a loved one – its impact sharpened by the ordinariness of the setting.

“For several years we had made what were arguably some of the most shocking charity ads of the time,” says Heartfield of the campaign, “from a boy falling from a tree in front of his dad, to a man recovering from cancer only to lose his life choking on a burger.” There were complaints to the ASA about this, and the subsequent controversy created more column inches and TV coverage than a media spend ever could. “It did the job of putting the charity firmly on the map,” says Heartfield. “But what it didn’t do was increase the number of people taking First Aid lessons. At this point it became clear that no amount of shock was going to get people over the apathy barrier.”

Thanks to the world being on our mobiles, we have all seen and heard of the most awful, shocking, terrifying things, much more so than in the past. We have become numb to horror.

So, he and the team took a different path – giving viewers of The Chokeables First Aid tips that could save the life of a baby. “We wanted people to actively engage in this film and share it – and the lesson – among friends and family. This meant that shock tactics were out.” Cute animation replaced disturbing live-action, and a useful life lesson wrapped up in a bundle of charm replaced shock.

“One of the main issues any charitable cause faces is how to make it relevant to people’s everyday lives,” concludes Heartfield. “Competition for eyeballs and donations is intense, so which one is deserving of attention? Is it the one that comes at the topic from an angle I have never seen before? The one that asks me to do something I hadn’t considered doing? [The one that] teaches me something? Or [the one that] moves me in a way that makes it impossible for me not to take action?”

When Hugh Todd, CD at MullenLowe London, started working with creative director Lovisa Silburn on We Are the NHS, he chose two contrasting approaches. The first, narrated by Maxine Peake, focused on the emotional dynamic our NHS inspires. “It needed to evoke pride. It needed to be emotional, to make people feel for this great institution and then to hopefully act and apply,” says Todd. When it came to impact, timing helped. “It first ran during the victorious England penalty shoot out in the World Cup so obviously we got people at a good moment,” says Todd. “We had an amazing response. People told us they had been crying while watching it – hopefully for good reasons.”

Empathy and engagement does not come through the eye alone. Sound, too, has deep emotional impact.

The second spot covered IT and support roles – harder to pull the heart strings, so Todd went for a more purposeful, involving approach. “It appeared at New Year and needed to get people off their sofas and start considering taking an IT or support role in a place where you could make a difference. New Year is when people reassess their lives, so it was the right moment to talk to them.”

Both spots were filmed on location over two days, with all the dramas of the hospital unfolding around them, and in their cameras. Todd’s benchmark, he adds, wasn’t other campaigns, but reality TV. “We wanted to make sure we were as good as the shows such as 24 Hours in A&E… After all, this is what the public was watching every evening in their millions.”

When MD at Don’t Panic London Joe Wade started work on Most Shocking Second a Day for Save the Children in 2014, focusing on the plight of children in Syria’s civil war, neither in-your-face shock tactics nor a documentary approach were going to cut it. The war was in its third year, charity fatigue had set in, and Wade’s brief was to put its victims back on the agenda. “For many reasons and because of budgetary constraints, we knew we’d have to film in London, and that was the genesis for making it about a family in London,” he says. “We realised that would help from an empathy perspective; what if this was happening here?”

Each of the two films was delicately structured, their carefully measured story beats set to provoke empathy, and to bring the singularity of human suffering back to the agenda. “The first half is normal life, then there’s the bomb blast that makes them flee” says Wade, “and a lot of the scenes in the first half are mirrored in the second. Like when she’s brushing her hair, and later you have her hair falling out.”

Empathy and engagement does not come through the eye alone. Sound, too, has deep emotional impact. When BBH CD Nikki Lindman was approached by domestic violence charity Refuge to promote its partnership with Picturehouse Cinemas, she and the team focused on the experience of children in violent relationships.

“Refuge’s core mission is to help women and children escape domestic violence,” says Lindman. “They have more children in their refuges than women, so we felt the experience of a child was a sensitive canvas on which to show the visceral ways in which abuse can take shape.” Keen to eschew gratuitous visual cliches, she focused on sound instead. “You never see the abuse,” she says. “You hear and feel what Jacob, the little boy, is going through.” Let’s face it, there are few things that can really shock us now in 2019.

And then the imagination takes over, and a powerful sense of identification kicks in. “We wanted to take full advantage of the incredible surround sound available in the Picturehouse cinemas,” adds Lindman, “to give the audience a truly enveloping experience of what Jacob and his mother are going through. To craft the sound design so that you don’t see much, but you hear and feel everything, intimately. We needed this to be confronting, but also not visually overcomplicated or gimmicky, to get the most authentic version of what life is like in an abusive home, while still having a narrative with storytelling at its heart.”

BBH’s Heartfield agrees that visual shocks are no longer enough to tell a compelling story. “They can still have a place but let’s face it, there are few things that can really shock us now in 2019. Thanks to the world being on our mobiles, we have all seen and heard of the most awful, shocking, terrifying things, much more so than in the past. We have become numb to horror, so we have to try new ways to get through and tell our stories when we can.”

Meth, Heroin Addiction Continues to Strain Community


Although the Northwest Montana Drug Task Force took less methamphetamine off the streets in 2018 than years past, addiction persists in stressing local systems

Drug addiction continues to strain local law enforcement and medical providers in the Flathead Valley.

The impact of drug addiction — specifically methamphetamine and heroin — was the subject of a Feb. 20 roundtable discussion at Kalispell Regional Healthcare with U.S. Sen. Steve Daines. Medical providers discussed how they continue to see an increase in newborns suffering from the impacts of a parent’s drug addiction.

“It is part of our every day,” said Lisa Smith, a social worker at KRH and a member of the Alliance for a Drug Free Flathead. “The (addiction) crisis is the crisis of our time.”

Between 2010 and 2014, there was a 400 percent increase at KRH in neonatal intensive care unit admissions, mostly due to drugs. In 2017, there were about two-dozen infants born at KRH with neonatal abstinence syndrome. Nationally, about six out of every 1,000 infants are born with neonatal abstinence syndrome. Neonatal abstinence syndrome is a condition that occurs when a newborn is exposed to addictive illegal or prescription drugs while in the mother’s womb.

In 2016 and 2018, KRH received grants to purchase equipment to deal with the increase in neonatal abstinence syndrome. One piece of equipment is a doll that simulates the symptoms of neonatal abstinence syndrome, including unusual irritability, trembling and twitching, stiffness, irregular breathing and even seizures. The hospital also got a special video system that allows its medical specialists to see infants at rural hospitals, including in Ronan, Cut Bank, Shelby, Libby, Conrad, Chester, Glasgow, Havre and Lewistown.

Drug addiction has also led to an increase in property crime, according to Flathead County Sheriff’s Office Sgt. Logan Shawback, who works with the Northwest Montana Drug Task Force. Since the Montana Meth Project made headlines in the early 2000s, law enforcement has increasingly confiscated more drugs in the region.

In 2016, the Northwest Montana Drug Task Force took in 28 pounds of meth and a pound of heroin. In 2017, they took in an unprecedented 42 pounds of meth and a half-pound of heroin. And in 2018, the task force took in 13 pounds of meth and three-quarters of a pound of heroin. Despite the sudden drop in meth confiscated last year, Shawback said drug addiction is not on the decline, and his office deals with it every day.

During his visit to Kalispell, Daines said that a multifaceted approach was needed to address Montana’s drug problem, including treatment options and tougher security on the southern border with Mexico.

“You don’t need a silver bullet; you need silver buckshot,” Daines said.

Law enforcement officials said the vast majority of methamphetamine in Montana comes from out of state, including from Mexico. The drug usually comes via Seattle or Salt Lake City. However, some methamphetamine is still produced locally, according to Sheriff Brian Heino. Earlier this month, sheriff’s deputies found three different “one pot” meth labs in one day. A “one pot” meth lab enables someone to produce small amounts of the drug in a single container, usually for personal use.

Overcoming addiction crisis in Montana takes effort on all levels

MISSOULA, Mont. — Levi Bessette never planned on becoming an addict. Nobody does.

“It’s really hard to remember how terrible that was. It’s a lost and lonely that only an addict can understand,” Bessette said.

“People don’t ever say, ‘I want to go kill myself today with these drugs,’ but it happens, and unfortunately we lose those people, and it hurts everybody,” said Detective Dean Chrestenson with the Missoula Police Department, who also works as an officer for the DEA’s drug task force.

Bessette unsuccessfully tried meth.

“It has a higher burning point, and I didn’t know that, so I gave it all away. Which is lucky, because I think if I had done meth, we wouldn’t be talking,” he said.

But he still knows addiction. He recounted the first time he tried cocaine shortly after his father died.

“I did that, and it solved all my problems. I didn’t hurt no more. I didn’t know how to say, ‘I’m sad my dad’s dead. Can somebody give me a hug?’ I didn’t know how to say, ‘I’m scared and alone,’” Bessette said. “And that took all of it away.”

His rock bottom came years later when he left his 2-year-old daughter in the car in the middle of winter to score drugs. He remembers her smiling at him in the rearview mirror.

“And then just getting out of the car and locking the doors and walking away and her looking at me like, ‘Why did you just leave me?’ Who does that?”

The difficult answer is someone consumed by addiction. Bessette doesn’t remember how long it was. He thinks it could have been up to a half hour.

“I know it was freezing-ass cold outside, and she waited in the car looking for a dad who wasn’t there,” Bessette said.

Now, clean for nearly five years, Bessette is a single dad and very close with his daughter. He even brings her to recovery meetings with him, but he worries about her. He knows that addiction is rooted in pain and family history.

“If you have one grandparent and one parent addicted, it’s 900 times more likely you’ll be an addict,” he said. “So if she touches one thing, she’s got at least 900 times. It’s like 16 or 3,200 times, because everybody’s an addict in my family and hers.”

It’s why he spends his off-time helping others overcome their addictions, even driving across the state to help someone struggling. He speaks at groups with Chrestenson, who’s seen a lot in 26 years in law enforcement.

“It’s heartbreaking when our patrol officers have to see first-hand the damage being done and the hurt being done to the children in our community,” Chrestenson told NBC Montana.

We’ve told you about the kids before — an entire generation now at risk for using drugs when they’re older, simply because of the circumstances they were born into.

“Forty-five percent of the foster care kids are in families where methamphetamine is being used and abused,” Montana Attorney General Tim Fox told us.

And there’s more. The state crime lab reports samples testing positive for meth and heroin increased 143 percent in three years. Montana meth-related violations are up 500 percent.

U.S. Border Patrol agents seized 1,800 pounds of meth in 2011. In 2017, they seized more than 10,000 pounds. That’s a 459 percent increase.

“That’s an epidemic. That’s a crisis,” Fox said.

Recently, the Montana Highway Patrol shared photos of a bust that found more than 28 pounds of meth. All of this costs you money. But that’s not why Fox thinks Montanans care.

“Montanans care because it’s the human factor,” he said.

After our last story about the meth epidemic, many of you wrote us and asked what you can do to help with the crisis. Ideas thrown around in conversations include expanding the Montana Meth Project, starting an educational component like what the D.A.R.E. program used to be, more drug courts, advocacy programs, mentorship programs like Big Brothers Big Sisters. They’re all great ideas, but there’s no clear, tangible solution.

“It takes treatment, it takes awareness, it takes enforcement, it takes a community saying, ‘How can we help, how can we make a difference? How can we say not here?’” Chrestenson said.

“If (addicts) just get a little support, it changes the world,” Bessette added.

And there’s another place we may find solutions.

“Right now the iron is hot, and you can strike because the legislature is in Helena,” Fox said. “My office has a number of bills that we’re bringing to directly address the substance use disorder problem.”

Fox also points to Aid Montana, a program launched two years ago that brings agencies, businesses and communities across the state together for the conversation.

But officers will tell you where there’s a void, someone fills it.

“If you can get the education out there, maybe we can stop people from wanting the drugs so there’s nobody to sell them to,” Chrestenson said. “That’s a pipe dream.”

Sometimes it just takes someone believing in an addict for them to make the change.

“Will we be disappointed in some cases? Of course we will,” Chrestenson said. “Will we save some other people, and will they be able to pass that knowledge on to other people behind them? I think they can.”

“No, it ain’t hopeless. There’s a ton of hope, man,” Bessette told NBC Montana. “All I have is hope.”

The hope is to move the conversations from law enforcement offices to your dinner table, so together we can all put an end to this damaging, costly and deadly cycle. Doing so, may just save some lives and families like Bessette’s.

If you’re an addict or know someone who is, Bessette says the first step can simply be an internet search for help or recovery meetings. Click here for a list of all the Narcotics Anonymous meetings in Montana.

Montana’s Drug Superhighway: One woman’s journey to recovery after meth addiction

BILLINGS- Meth is often referred to by law enforcement and addicts as the devil’s drug.

Montana law enforcement with years of experience and training in the drug trade have seen people get into selling drugs because they need the money.

But for many, the addiction just simply takes hold.

“Some people enjoy how it makes them feel,” said Lt Brandon Wooley with the Billings Police Department. “And they will tell you that meth is the devil’s drug and it’s taken everything from them.”

Billings resident Mandy Nunes got into drugs because it was something to do when she was a young girl, living in a small Montana town.

“It started with drinking and smoking weed when I was about 13,” said Nunes.

Born in Columbus, Nunes moved away from Montana when she was young, only to come back to eastern Montana.

“For me, it started the way it starts for a lot of people,” she said. “I was living in Glendive. There wasn’t a lot to do there at that point in time.”

She started with drinking and smoking weed, which she says she thought was pretty normal.

“That is what I grew up seeing,” said Nunes. “My mom is recovering herself.”

She says she grew up in a house where there was drug use, and alcohol use was pretty normal. The majority of the people she knew, her friends and family also used.

“I just thought that was what everybody did,” he said.

But things changed for her by the time she turned 14 and moved to Billings. That’s when Nunes tried meth for the first time.

“So I was 14 when I did my first line, and it was not an addicted thing back then. I didn’t need it,” she said. “I remember being so messed up that it scared me, but then I lived through it and was fine the next day, and then that became, the feeling that you are trying to get.”

Mandy’s addiction

By the time she turned 20, she said it became an addiction.

“That was when it switched over and it wasn’t just a party thing,” said Nunes. “It was, everything else suffered because of it.”

Nunes spent many precious years of her life addicted to meth and found that the drug wasn’t as available as she once had known it to be. The drug took hold, and everything else suffered.

She was doing meth before school and after, just to stay up all night, and then to stay up for work the next day.

“And then pretty soon you aren’t going to work,” said Nunes. “And then you have to steal to support your habit.”

So soon, she was in and out of jail, court and psychiatric care.

In 2003, Nunes had a baby boy and ended up marrying her son’s father. She says for a while, things were good. But then she found herself become dependent on opioids, and she and her husband at the time drank a lot and fought even more.

“My daughter went to go live with her dad in Glendive, and my son ended up with my in-laws because I knew that he would be happy and safe and loved and he has been,” she said.

She says she tried to stay clean. She tried drug court.

“I just couldn’t stay clean,” she said.

Finally, a defining moment in her addiction.

“I ended up sitting my county time out in jail. And two weeks before I was set to get out, my husband fell off the rims and died,” she said.

At one point, all she had left was the drug.

“I just couldn’t stand to feel anything,” she said. “There was just so much loss and shame and fear and regret that here comes a point when all the drugs in the world don’t numb it anymore.”

Taking control back

As the impacts of meth grow in Montana communities, local state and federal partners are actively finding ways to take control of the situation.

Project Safe Neighborhoods is a federal initiative that brings together local and tribal law enforcement, prosecutors and community leaders to help fight violent crimes.

In Yellowstone County, through Project Safe Neighborhoods 124 people have been charged federally since November 2018. Authorities have seized 346 pounds of meth with a street value of $15.6 million. Also, 96 firearms have been taken off the streets.

“We have seen an increase in drug prosecutions,” said U.S Attorney for the District of Montana Kurt Alme.

Alme serves as Montana’s chief federal law enforcement officer. So when a drug case comes across his desk, the penalties are stiff.

“Statewide the number of drug prosecutions that we have had go through this office have increased by 33 percent,” said Alme. “We are seeing some large drug-trafficking organizations and some with fairly direct links to cartels.”

Alme has locked up key members of Mexican drug cartels caught distributing and selling their product in Montana, with the help of Montana’s drug task force officers and the Montana Highway Patrol criminal interdiction team.

“It’s appropriate for us to prosecute those individuals in federal court so that they can get an appropriate sentence in bureau prisons and we can protect the public from these individuals,” said Alme.

The changing moment

For Nunes, a point in her life arrived that she refers to as her “changing moment.” It’s the time when addiction shifted and recovery started.

“I knew there was nothing left in that life for me but a prison sentence or a casket,” she said. “I knew that I had to do something different.”

Roughly four years ago, she said, she was basically homeless and spending time with another addict whom she barely knew, sleeping in either a motel or in a car, high on meth most of the time.

There was a warrant out for her arrest, and when they stopped at a motel, the police rolled and that was the last time she was taken to the Yellowstone County Detention Facility.

“It was the only time that I had ever been arrested when it was like a relief. It was like, I don’t have to do this anymore,” she said.

For nine months, she detoxed and then chose to change.

“Once the fog lifted a little and I wasn’t super ill, I didn’t have anybody call. I didn’t call anybody when I got to jail, not my mom, not nobody,” she said. “And it really hit me that I had sacrificed every relationship I had ever had with another human being for drugs.”

Her life now is completely different.

“I’ve gotten married to another person in recovery who’s good and treats me well. I have a house, I pay rent, it’s paid on time, it’s usually early,” she said. “I have a car, I have insurance, like all of these things that to most people are super normal. I didn’t do any of that stuff in active addiction. I was homeless a lot.”

Still, her recovery is never ending so she takes what she knows about addiction and puts it to use at Rimrock Foundation in Billings. Nunes now works as a Rehabilitation Technician Supervisor helping others through the painful effects of addiction to meth and other substances.

She provides structure and life skills, everything she herself also had to learn. But she also realizes the path to recovery is a different journey for everyone.

“I am just lucky to have reached that moment,” she said. “When the pain and fear of change, because less than the pain and fear of staying the same people, become ready. But until that happens, they do what they know, what they are used to.”